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How to Identify and Treat Bleeding Gums

Bleeding gums can be an indication of an underlying dental or medical condition, so it’s important to take action if you experience this symptom. This guide covers the causes and treatments of bleeding gums, as well as tips for keeping your smile healthy.

What causes Bleeding Gums?

  • Bad flossing
  • Malocclusion (misalignment of teeth)
  • Smoking
  • Hormonal changes during pregnancy
  • Infection
  • Brushing too hard
  • Use of anticoagulant medications (blood thinners)
  • Vitamin C or vitamin K deficiencies
  • Diabetes
  • Heart disease
  • Poor nutrition
Bleeding gums picture

Bleeding gums can be a sign of an infection, such as gingivitis, or could be the result of other medical conditions like diabetes or hormonal changes related to pregnancy. It’s also important to note that not brushing and flossing your teeth regularly can create an environment in which bacteria thrive, leading to inflammation and bleeding. You should never ignore the signs of bleeding gums—see a dental professional right away if this symptom arises. Book online below to schedule your emergency dental appointment with Higginbotham Family Dental. 

Symptoms of Gum Disease

  • Swollen, puffy, darker colored red or purple gums
  • Gums tender to the touch
  • Gums that bleed easily or have pus
  • Pink-tinged toothbrush after brushing
  • Bleeding when brushing or flossing
  • Bad breath
  • Loose teeth or loss of teeth
  • Painful chewing
  • Spaces opening up between teeth
  • Receding gums, making your teeth look longer than normal
  • A change in the way your teeth fit together when you bite

In addition to bleeding gums, other symptoms of gum disease may include redness and swelling in the gums, receding gums, mouth sores, pain while chewing or brushing teeth, frequent bad breath or bad taste in the mouth, and loose teeth or gaps between teeth. If you experience any of these symptoms along with bleeding gums, it’s important to see a dental professional as soon as possible for a proper diagnosis and treatment plan. Early intervention can help prevent further damage to your oral health.

Treatment for Bleeding Gums

Depending on the severity of your gingivitis or gum disease, different treatments may be available to help you stop the bleeding. If caught early, brushing and flossing regularly with proper technique and using an antibacterial mouthwash can be enough to control the gum inflammation. You may also need to see a professional for a deep cleaning where plaque is scraped away from the teeth and roots to heal. In more serious cases, antibiotics might be prescribed or surgical intervention may be recommended by your dentist.

Higginbotham Family Dental is able to provide same-day appointments, and is in-network with most insurances. If you do not have dental insurance, or are unable to afford your copay, they also have options such as a Discount Dental Membership or Payment Plan. They even accept third party financing such as Care Credit. HFD wants to ensure that you are able to get the dental care that you need to obtain great oral health. 

bleeding gums brushing

Practice Proper Dental Care

Good dental habits are important for managing and preventing bleeding gums. Brushing twice a day with fluoride toothpaste will help to keep plaque under control, remove bacteria, and reduce inflammation. Flossing helps remove food particles caught between the teeth where a toothbrush cannot reach. Use a soft-bristled brush and don’t forget to clean your tongue as well. Replace your toothbrush every three months and make sure to clean the handle regularly.

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